A similar argument may be made for traders who choose their broker. Forex trading is one of the most lucrative markets in the world, with over $5 trillion traded daily. It is a decentralized market, which means that there is no centralized exchange.
That said, the B-Book model is considered challenging in terms of risk management. Especially, if you have lots of customers who open positions in the same direction and trade profitably. B-Book brokers prefer to have a lot of similarly sized customers who trade as frequently as possible and open what is a book vs b book long and short positions in equal amounts so the broker can take the opposite side of each of their trades. What B-Book brokers have going for them is that they can offer better trade execution prices because they can immediately fill orders, which can be seen as beneficial to the trader.
Pros and Cons of a B book broker
Most of the turnover goes to the liquidity provider with a narrower spread, which is why the broker loses $5. To solve this problem, the broker adds 2-pip markup to the spread of the first liquidity provider, thereby distributing the trades between the counterparties equally. Obviously, for professional traders, there are no alternatives to A-book, so the choice is obvious. For beginners, B-book brokers can also be suitable, but only as long as the client loses his deposit.
As an additional bonus, the broker was able to take a closer look at the terms of affiliate programs and, in some cases, it became obvious that it was extremely unprofitable for them to continue working under the conditions they previously set themselves. The broker removed all unprofitable programs, freed up a lot of resources, and significantly increased their income from affiliate programs. A few days later, it turned out that the hackers were able to create a duplicate of John’s SIM card and used it to hack into his account. Thanks to the fact that his broker used the UpTrader withdrawal control system, John was able to keep his monthly profit, and the company prevented reputation losses. It allowed the company to maintain a trusting relationship with their clients and to ensure the safety of their funds.
A-Book vs B-Book Brokers: What’s the Difference
B book brokers typically make money by taking the opposite side of their clients’ trades, rather than charging commissions or spreads. This means that if a broker’s revenue model is based solely on the profits it makes from traders’ losses, it is likely a b book broker. They are intermediaries who send their clients’ trade orders directly to liquidity providers or multilateral trading centers (MTFs).
The B-book has the same business model as a casino and the reason why every year certain brokers and exchanges go bankrupt is partly due to not properly managing the A and B-book of their clients. It is a licensed, regulated broker working on the A-Book hybrid model. Traders have a choice between classic trading accounts (Classic, STP model) and professional ECN accounts. The difference is that the ECN is a virtual network where orders of all market participants are aggregated, sorted and executed.
Which book is better for traders?
Some of your trades will be rejected by the banks or LPs (known as ‘last look’) and you will receive a worse price, because you will be filled at the next best price. In futures or equities trading, all your trades are sent to the exchange and matched with other buyers or sellers. In spot trading, Interactive is the most professional option and possibly the best retail broker ever created. If you are a winning trader, this is where your trades will go. There were numerous cases of bankruptcy after the SNB unpegged the franc from the euro.
And as the name suggests, price risk transfer describes the situation where a broker finds another party to assume the price risk and to run any potential losses. Usually, this is another broker, a bank, or a non-bank market-maker. The irony of this is if you are trading with a B-book broker then it is a zero-sum game, since they are literally trading against you no matter what time frame or market you’re trading on.
In the previous article, we wrote that UpTrader Forex CRM has a useful system for controlling fund deposit and withdrawal. In short, it allows you to flexibly configure the approval settings for withdrawal requests though a variety of parameters. The system lets you control the requested amount, the departments that approve the withdrawal, which managers are allowed to approve the requests, whether account details are mandatory, https://www.xcritical.in/ whether or not the CEO approves the requests and many more. All these settings are extremely useful and allow the broker to protect themselves from many unpleasant situations. Only a few of our clients take advantage of these features, while they are available in UpTrader Forex CRM completely free of charge. As an illustration, we would like to share with you a recent case from one of our clients’ operations.
John is a professional trader who regularly withdraws profits from Company X. That is why no one was surprised when he sent another request to withdraw his profit for the previous month. The finance department was ready to approve it, but the withdrawal control system was set in a way that all large requests over $10,000 must also be approved by the client’s personal manager. We conclude that none of the schemes can be a panacea for losses. You must decide which business model to choose for you, depending on your business plans and strategies. But high leverage is usually used by traders who are inexperienced anyway.
These brokers make money by charging commissions or by profiting from spreads. An A-Book broker works as a bridge that links a trader’s terminals to a liquidity provider, or LP. Thus, the A-Book approach implies that orders are sent directly to the interbank market, where these orders are filled by liquidity providers. A-Book brokers profit by raising the spread or collecting fees based on the number of orders placed. Due to the fact that they profit the same amount from successful as well as unsuccessful traders, and there are no conflicts of interest.
- Additionally, since the broker serves as the market maker, investors typically receive decent processing of their orders even during periods of low liquidity.
- There is no doubt that constant spreads make trading during market volatility simpler.
- Most of the turnover goes to the liquidity provider with a narrower spread, which is why the broker loses $5.
- This liquidity provider matches your trade with an opposite side trade.
However, if risk is well managed at the broker’s or exchange’s dealing desk, these practices are not necessarily unethical, but rather obvious from a business point of view. Therefore, the broker is forced to use software to track such tricks of the provider. According to representatives of a large brokerage company, this practice occurs even at the “highest Forex levels”. Sometimes it is enough to inform the provider about the breach of contract. Sometimes brokers have to look for a new provider. Large aggregators (usually banks) are the other one, a broker is an intermediary for traders, an aggregator is a participant that collects orders from brokers.
How to distinguish between A-Book and B-Book brokers
We are going to discover the difference between A book and B book broker models. A-Book models are the most common form of broker operating technology. In this A-book, the broker/exchange generates revenue through spreads, swaps, maker/taker fees, and/or other optional services, such as guaranteed stop losses to prevent slippage. Nevertheless, in the A-book, the broker does not profit from your losses, but from the fees involved in facilitating your trading through their servers to the banks. In other words, the entire financial market supply-chain understands very well that retailers are going to lose, and all intermediaries are eager to be the retail trader’s counterparty, including exchanges and brokers. You can learn more about Forex trades processing mechanisms, types of order execution, such as Market Execution and Instant Execution, as well as the A-Book and B-Book models in this article.
These customers will grow their account balance over time, allowing them to open bigger and bigger position sizes. If a broker has just one customer and uses B-Book execution, then obviously, it wouldn’t want the trades that its ONLY customer makes to win. It can even be more lucrative if brokers can get their customers to deposit even larger amounts. All you have to do is sit back., relax…and WAIT for your customers to lose, then watch your profits start rolling in. Retail traders tend to act like gamblers, and a B-Book broker acts as the “house”. As a hard-working, goal-oriented, and well-rounded person, I always strive to do quality work for every job I do.
How to identify b book brokers in forex?
We’re not sure how accurate this rule is but whether it’s 90 days or 12 months, imagine being a B-Book broker with these customers. Brokers “B-Book” trades because it’s usually more profitable for them. If a broker wants to “STP’ or “A-Book”, it also has to pay a spread to an LP to hedge your trade.
Forex is different from equities or futures trading because your broker can choose to trade against you. When your broker sends all your trades to the real market or their liquidity providers, this is known as A Booking. In spot share dealing, something similar happens as in the CFD industry with the A-book and B-book models.